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Industry News
The Pilot of Electrical Mixed Reform Idea Shaping in Next Year:State Grid Plans to Release the Capital Attraction of 5 Categories of Projects Diversity of 5 Main Electricity Generation Equities
Clicks:724Add time:2015-12-21

Link of original text: http://www.sinoergy.com/bianji1/22820/

 

Under the trend of a new round of power reform and state-owned enterprise reform, the step of mixed ownership reform of our country in electric power industry are speeding up. From Economic Information Daily we could know that, according to the arrangement, our country would carry out mixed reform demonstration in the power field in the next year, and NDRC held a symposium recently for it. State Grid put forward to introduce social investment in pumped storage power station, energy storing devices and other power grid projects, and in the future it would also research increment power distribution network to carry out mixed ownership pilot projects. China Southern Power Grid also prepared for exploration in some large power transmission and distribution projects and power supply districts with experimental innovative nature in the future.

 

Differently, the five main power generation groups classified as state-owned enterprises in business class had emphasis on boosting the diversity of equities reform of regional subsidiary corporations and enterprises in basic level, and actively developed mixed ownership in newly built companies for power generation, power sales, and power distribution. Analysts considered that, in the mixed reform, state-owned capital would occupy the status of controlling stocks, while electrical equipment enterprise was expected not to limit.

 

Developing mixed ownership economy is the highlight of this round of state-owned enterprise reform. In the 13th Chinese Reform Forum held on December 13, deputy director of NDRC Lian Weiliang indicated that in public, the next year was the beginning year of the “13th Five-year Plan” of our country, we would carry out demonstration in mixed ownership reform pilots in significant fields such as electric power and petroleum, and electric power and petroleum and other competitive links would really open up to boost the optimization, transformation and upgrading of state-owned economy structure.

 

“The integration of state-owned enterprises with private enterprises in industry such as electric power was given great hope of breaking monopoly, and under the overall background that the increased speed of electric power demand continued to decline in our country, power sector had to break a deadlock to seek new opportunity.” described by an insider in power industry for the reason for selection of mixed reform in electric power like this.

 

Director of China Center for Energy Economics Research at XMU Lin Boqiang also indicated that, state-owned enterprise reform needed to push with the reform of electric power system, and the new power reform pushed gradually explicitly put forward release electricity sales to social capital and increment power distribution business since this year.

 

In the symposium of mixed ownership reform pilot work in the power sector of NDRC, State Grid put forward the scheme suggestion of introduction of social investment in four categories of power grid projects, pumped storage power station, energy storing device, power charging and changing facilities of electromobile, distributed generation networking project. In addition, it would also regroup and integrate the listed resources of company, promote enterprise with the required condition to appear on the market.

 

At present, the investment and operation main bodies of pumped storage power station and energy storing device project are mainly power grid enterprises, accounting for above 90% of gross capacity. “As the significant facilities of electrical power system, these two categories of projects can’t run alone, and can only implement investment opening in specific items, and dominant right of expected construction and operation are still in State Grid.” An insider from State Grid disclosed that, NDRC hoped State Grid could speed up pilot projects in new energy and electricity charging and changing facilities, meanwhile, further go deep into research on increment power distribution network to carry out mixed ownership pilot projects.

 

By comparison, China Southern Power Grid, which rarely reformed, took the first step in this field. As reported, its mixed reform scheme had been submitted, in the future or it would carry out exploration in some large power transmission and distribution projects and the power supply districts with experimental innovation nature. In fact, on November 30, as the “bellwether” of reform in China Southern Power Grid, Shenzhen Administration of Power Supply, built Shenzhen Qianhai Shekou FTA Power Supply Co., Ltd. with other 4 enterprises such as China Merchants Group Real Estate. “The first mixed reform at the side of power distribution and power sales” had already put into effect.

 

Being different from the type of state-owned enterprises State Grid and China Southern Power Grid in public benefit category, as far as the market competition situation of power generation industry is concerned, five main electricity generation group companies may be classified into the sufficient competitive industry in business class. The article On Interpretation and Thinking of “Opinions on State-owned Enterprise Develops Mixed Ownership Economy” from Huaneng Technical Economy Research Institute considered that, the mixed reform in five main power generation groups mainly carried out in the level of subsidiary corporation, especially taking entity enterprise with categories of R&D and innovation, production & service class as key points, but the mixed reform in group level was just in “exploration” stage at present, which meant that it might be just pilot project in group level within middle and short term. Huaneng should attach importance to boosting the diversity of equities reform of regional subsidiary corporations and enterprises in basic level, and actively developed mixed ownership in newly built companies for power generation, power sales, and power distribution.

 

According to the reporter of Economic Information Daily, the subsidiary corporation of Huaneng Group Yangtze Power carried out recombination of exceeding 100 billion yuan this November, and it also introduced other state-owned capitals and non-state-owned capitals at the same time of injection of large-scale hydroelectric assets of group into listed company. In fact, it has invested in energy platform in many places through capital operation, respectively with layout in Central China, South China, East China and other main markets for electricity sales, and at present it has established Fujian Power Distribution & Power Sales Co., Ltd.

 

However, China Guodian Corporation, SPIC Power, China Huadian Corporation also selected “equity structure diversification” of their subordinated subsidiary corporations as the breakthrough for reform, determined to boost the reform of stock right in framework level, including overall listing and development of mixed ownership, introduced strategic investors in all levels, and established companies for power distribution and sales one after another.

 

Analysts from Galaxy Securities indicated that, Dongfang Electric Corporation and other suppliers of thermal power, nuclear power, and hydroelectric equipment belonged to the state-owned enterprises in business category, whose main industry was in competitive industry and field. In reform, the ratio of investment in state-owned capital could reduce to within 50%. As far as the five main and four minor state-owned electricity operators were concerned, their main industries were in significant industry and key field with close relation with state security and lifelines of the national economy, mainly assuming major special projects, and their state-owned capitals would keep the status of controlling stocks.

 

“In power field, the threshold for side of electricity sales to carry out mixed reform is too low, and there are many opportunities for private capital, so with the opening of side of electricity sales, the probability of the initiative of private enterprises investing in electricity is promoting drastically, and with the deepening of reform, there will be more and more opportunities.” Lin Boqiang declared.